Matthew Mazzone, now 36, was working at a Texas Roadhouse restaurant in Idaho Falls in 2005. That Nov. 13, Mazzone suffered a severe burn on his right arm when he tripped and plunged it into a 360-degree deep fat fryer.
Mazzone eventually returned to work following extensive surgery and treatment, but claimed later he suffered post-traumatic stress disorder.
Idaho Supreme Court justices sided with the Idaho Industrial Commission, however, saying its rejection of Mazzone's claim of a compensable psychological injury pursuant was supported by "substantial and competent evidence."
The Commission concluded that Mazzone had exhibited psychological disorders before his accident that required treatment, including after the still-born death of his first child and a break-up with his girlfriend in 2002.
"The Commission properly concluded that Mazzone failed to demonstrate that his industrial accident was the predominant cause of his alleged PTSD or psychological condition," justices wrote. "By Mazzone's own account, he suffered certain stressors earlier in life."
The restaurant accident in November 2005 was terribly painful, leaving him "in so much pain after burning his arm that he simply crawled under the kitchen sink and cried," according to court documents.
He was eventually transported to a burn unit in Salt Lake City, where he underwent surgery and treatment.
By February 2006, however, his surgeon cleared him to begin working again - provided Mazzone used a glove to protect his injured hand, as needed.
Mazzone sought treatment for what he described as PTSD on October 3, 2007, when he contacted the Department of Health and Welfare Behavioral Health Services.
Mazzone reported ongoing symptoms he said started with his burn, including nightmares, crying spells, mood instability, anxiety, flashbacks, intrusive memories, sleep problems, and hypersensitivity. He attributed his sleep problems to the accident.
Though Mazzone's own doctor concluded he suffered from PTSD, the Industrial Commission's specialist disagreed, deciding "Mazzone did not satisfy the criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD and may have been exhibiting exaggerated pain behaviors," according to court documents.
Justices agreed with the Commission's rejection, in part because Mazzone had reportedly made significant strides immediately following the accident toward health.
"Given Mazzone's positive post-incident recovery and the many other stressors that he endured before and after the accident, substantial evidence supports the Commission's determination that the predominant cause of Mazzone's condition was not the accident," justices wrote.